World News

WASHINGTON: The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) announced that it adopted new rules “prohibiting communications equipment deemed to pose an unacceptable risk to national security from being authorized for importation or sale” in the US. “This is the latest step by the Commission to protect our nation’s communications networks,” the FCC said in a statement.
The new rules “prohibit the authorization of equipment through the FCC’s Certification process, and makes clear that such equipment cannot be authorized under the Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity process or be imported or marketed under rules that allow exemption from an equipment authorization.” “The Covered List (which lists both equipment and services) currently includes communications equipment produced by Huawei Technologies, ZTE Corporation, Hytera Communications, Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology, and Dahua Technology (and their subsidiaries and affiliates),” according to the statement.
In addition to these actions and maintaining the Covered List, the FCC has prohibited “the use of public funds to purchase covered equipment or services, launched the Secure and Trusted Communications Networks Reimbursement Program to remove insecure equipment that has already been installed in US networks, revoked operating authorities for Chinese state-owned carriers based on recommendations from national security agencies, updated the process for approving submarine cable licenses to better address national security concerns.”
Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel said in this regard that the FCC is “committed to protecting our national security by ensuring that untrustworthy communications equipment is not authorized for use within our borders, and we are continuing that work here,” She stressed that “these new rules are an important part of our ongoing actions to protect the American people from national security threats involving telecommunications.” (KUNA)

Police arrested dozens of people in Istanbul on Friday at a rally to mark International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women.
The unauthorised protest convened at Taksim Square, a traditional rallying point for demonstrations.
Riot police were out in force and the marchers were impeded by a series of barriers blocking the streets. “Barricades to the murderers, not to the women,” read one banner carried by protesters.
AFP reporters observed dozens of arrests.
Turkish riot police surround protesters during a demonstration on the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, in Istanbul on Friday. — AFP The rally, called by the “November 25 platform”, a coalition of women’s groups, brought hundreds of people on to the streets.
They chanted in Turkish and Kurdish “Woman, Life, Freedom, taking up the slogan of Iranian women in their struggle against the hardline regime.
Iran has a large diaspora in Turkey, which was estimated at 120,000 people in 2021.
One group of activists unfurled a banner in front of the police proclaiming: “For our freedom we don’t stand silent, we don’t give up on our lives, we don’t bow down to patriarchal state violence.”
Yesim Tukel, a member of the November 25 platform, said: “The police who don’t intervene against the perpetrators of violence against women or the murderers of women, closed all roads leading to Taksim under the excuse of security.
“We are not afraid of the state violence today,” said fellow activist Burcu Gulcubuk.
“We are here saying that we will not bow down and we will not be silenced in face of such a violence.
“One day these police who attack us will go away and these streets will be ours again.” In the face of a crackdown on most public protests, women and LGBT movements are the latest to call for large-scale demonstrations in Turkey.

QUETTA: Pakistan agreed on Sunday conditionally to reopen the Chaman border with Afghanistan, more than a week after firing from the Afghan side on Frontier Corps officials at the Friendship Gate led to its closure.
The decision to open the border was made during a meeting between Pakistani and Afghan officials, Chaman Deputy Commissioner Abdul Hameed Zehri told the media on Sunday.
The details of the talks and the decision to open the border had been conveyed to the civil-military liaison committee of Chaman, which agreed to open the border for trade and travel from Monday.
Consequently, the immigration offices of the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) and Pakistan Customs would also be opened, officials said.
Mr Zehri said that during the meeting, Afghan Taliban officials expressed anger and grief over the November 13 incident and assured the Pakistani authorities that the “terrorists” behind the incident would be arrested and strictly punished.
Pakistan had shut Friendship Gate after shooting from Afghan side
Both sides also decided to take concrete steps to avoid a repeat of such incident.
The border closure since last week resulted in suspension of trade between both countries through the Friendship Gate. A large number of trucks carrying Afghan transit trade goods and containers carrying import and export goods were stranded on both sides.
While confirming the border closure for an indefinite period, Chaman DC Zehri last week said: “A man crossed into Pakistani side at Friendship Gate from the Afghan border and opened fire at the security personnel posted at the gate, resulting in the martyrdom of one soldier and injuring two others.” Shortly after the incident, the official said, the Afghan personnel opened fire on Pakistani forces, which retaliated and the firing continued for some time.
Pakistan border authorities immediately summoned a flagship meeting of the Afghan forces and demanded that the armed men, who had fired at the Pakistani security personnel, be handed over to the Pakistani authorities, but the negotiations remained fruitless at that time, as Afghan officials refused to hand over those involved in the firing, official sources said. The exchange of fire resumed in the evening, which officials said continued with small intervals.
The Chaman border, some 100km northwest of Quetta, is one of the major international border crossings and is used by thousands of people on a daily basis. On the Afghan side, it leads north into Wesh town in the Spin Boldak district of Kandahar province.
Pakistan had earlier refused to reopen the Friendship Gate for transit trade and crossing until the authorities got the custody of the attacckers.
A couple of days later, Pak­istani authorities on humanitarian grounds and as a goodwill gesture allowed several hundred Afghan nationals, who were stranded in Chaman due to the border closure, to cross into their country from another area, considering that there were patients among them who had come to Pakistan for treatment.
A spokesperson for the Afghan interior ministry last week told Reuters that the clash had occurred between border forces from both sides due to a “misunderstanding” and the incident was being investigated.
The Afghan border authorities explained that the Taliban forces were not involved in the shooting at Friendship Gate.
“They might be terrorists who were involved in firing,” the officials said.

Iran on Saturday criticised the “silence” of the international community in the face of acts of violence in the country during protests sparked by Mahsa Amini’s death in custody.
The Islamic republic has been rocked by protests since the September 16 death of Amini, a 22-year-old Iranian of Kurdish origin, after her arrest for an alleged breach of Iran’s dress rules for women.
It has accused its foreign foes, including Britain, Israel and the United States, of fomenting the unrest.
On Saturday Iran’s foreign ministry hit out at the “deliberate silence of foreign promoters of chaos and violence in Iran in the face of… terrorist operations in several Iranian cities”.
“It is the duty of the international community and international assemblies to condemn the recent terrorist acts in Iran and not to provide a safe haven for extremists,” it said in a statement.
On Wednesday, 10 people including a woman, two children and a security officer were killed in two separate attacks in the cities of Izeh and Isfahan, according to state media and a hospital source.
Two members of Iran’s pro-government Basij paramilitary force were stabbed to death in the northeastern city of Mashhad while trying to intervene against “rioters”, according to state news agency IRNA.

Presidents Joe Biden and Xi Jinping ended a landmark summit in Bali, Indonesia on Monday after three hours of talks aimed at avoiding conflict between the rival superpowers.
Xi and Biden shook hands in front of the US and Chinese flags before starting the long-awaited meeting on the resort island ahead of a Group of 20 summit, following months of tension over Taiwan and other issues.
Biden, sitting across from Xi at facing tables, said that Beijing and Washington “share responsibility” to show the world that they can “manage our differences, prevent competition from becoming conflict”.
Xi, China’s most powerful leader in decades who is fresh from securing a norm-breaking third term, told Biden that the world has “come to a crossroads”.
“The world expects that China and the United States will properly handle the relationship,” Xi told him.
Despite the upbeat public statements, both nations are increasingly suspicious of each other, with the United States fearing that China has stepped up a timeline for seizing Taiwan.
US officials said ahead of the meeting that Biden hoped to set up “guardrails” in the relationship with China and to assess how to avoid “red lines” that could push the world’s two largest economies into conflict.
The most sensitive issue is Taiwan, the self-governing democracy claimed by China.
The United States has been stepping up support for Taiwan, while China has ramped up its threats to seize control of the island. After House Speaker Nancy Pelosi visited Taipei in August, China reacted by staging unprecedented military drills.
On the eve of his talks with Xi, Biden met with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and South Korean President Yoon Suk-yeol on the sidelines of a Southeast Asian summit in Cambodia, with the three leaders jointly calling for “peace and stability” on the Taiwan Strait.
Biden is also expected to push China to rein in ally North Korea after a record-breaking spate of missile tests has raised fears that Pyongyang will soon carry out its seventh nuclear test.
First in-person exchange
Xi is paying only his second overseas visit since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic and will meet a number of key leaders.
He will hold the first formal sitdown with an Australian leader since 2017, Prime Minister Anthony Albanese announced, following a concerted pressure campaign by Beijing against the close US ally.
Xi’s last in-person meeting with a US president was in 2019 with Donald Trump, who along with Biden identified China as a top international concern and the only potential challenger to US primacy on the world stage.
And though the meeting is the first time Xi and Biden have met as presidents, the pair have an unusually long history together.
By Biden’s estimation, he spent 67 hours as vice president in person with Xi including on a 2011 trip to China aimed at better understanding China’s then-leader-in-waiting, and a 2017 meeting in the final days of Barack Obama’s administration.
Since entering the White House, Biden has spoken virtually five times with Xi but told him Monday there was “no substitute” for face-to-face discussions.
Absent Putin
Though he is engaging Xi, Biden has refused since the invasion of Ukraine to deal directly with Russian President Vladimir Putin, who is conspicuously absent from the Bali summit.
The Kremlin cited scheduling issues and has instead sent longtime foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, who arrived Sunday evening and underwent two health checks at a Bali hospital, according to an Indonesian health ministry official.
Lavrov, 72, denied reports that he was receiving treatment at a Bali hospital, telling Tass news agency that he was in his hotel preparing for the summit.
Lavrov’s presence has thrown into question a customary G20 group photo and joint statement, with Russia sure to reject any explicit calls to end its invasion of Ukraine.
Western leaders hope the G20 summit will step up pressure on Russia to renew a UN-backed deal expiring Saturday to allow grain shipments from Ukraine, a major food exporter to the developing world.
China, despite rhetorical support for Russia, has not supplied weapons for the war in Ukraine, with Moscow obliged to rely on Iran and North Korea, according to US officials.
“I think there is undeniably some discomfort in Beijing about what we’ve seen in terms of reckless rhetoric and activity on the part of Russia,” a US official said hours before the Xi-Biden talks.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky — invited as a compromise with host Indonesia — will address the summit by videoconference, a day after a triumphant visit to Kherson, a key city taken back from Russian forces.

PHNOM PENH: South­east Asian regional bloc Asean gained a surprise new member from the other side of the world Saturday — at least for an instant, courtesy of a verbal slip by US President Joe Biden.
“I want to thank the prime minister for Colom­bia’s leadership as Asean chair,” Biden said as he opened talks with regional leaders in Phnom Penh chaired by Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen.
South America’s Colom­bia seems to be on the US president’s mind, because he made the same mistake as he set out from the White House for his long trip to Asia.
He told reporters he was “heading over to Colombia”, before quickly correcting himself to say, “I mean Cambodia”. Biden, who turns 80 this month, has been known as a gaffe machine for much of his storied career in Washington.
His latest glitch, while geo­graphically challenged, was still perhaps less glaring than Vice President Ka­mala Harris’s statement during a September visit to the demilitarised zone separating North and South Korea.
On that occasion Harris said that the US has “an alliance with the Republic of North Korea. And it is an alliance that is strong and enduring”.

SHARM EL-SHEIKH: US climate envoy John Kerry has said that while Washington supports making ‘loss and damage’ an agenda issue at COP27, the United States would not support demands to establish a fund that could disperse cash to countries struggling to recover from disasters.
“It’s a well known fact that the United States and many other countries will not establish... some sort of legal structure that is tied to compensation or liability. That’s just not happening,” he said at the conference on Saturday.
The climate envoy said that he was confident that stakeholders would find a way to “be able to have financial arrangements that reflect the reality of how we are all going to deal with the climate crisis”.
But when asked by the Guardian when the US would start paying into a finance facility for loss and damage, and whether China should also pay into such a facility, Mr Kerry said: “It’s not fully defined, what is a facility. There are all kinds of different views on what it could be. No one can sign up to something on it, not yet … We are not at the [financial] facility discussions yet.”
While talking about loss and damage, Mr Kerry said that they had “heard the cries” of vulnerable countries like Pakistan. “It is vital that we recognize that some countries are being affected more than others and we share the responsibility… we are engaged with our friends to work through the various proposals and find the best way to harness the capacity of existing institutions and fill in the gaps in the response thus far,” he said.
He also noted how a few countries have resisted mentioning a global goal of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius in the official text of the summit.
“You’re absolutely correct. There are very few countries, but a few, that have raised the issue of not mentioning this word or that word,” Reuters quoted Kerry as saying when asked about opposition by some governments to mentioning the 1.5C target.

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